Neuropathy is a basic term signifying disturbances in the typical functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding additional development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and in most cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent symptoms regardless of treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the action varies and might take numerous months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible however a lot of are permanent. Strict control of blood glucose levels to slow the more development is of critical importance. Other treatment is based on the signs, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy related to Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy might also be because of hazardous impact of certain drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, many others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is primarily discontinuation of the drug or dose decrease. There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be avoided by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more development of the nerve damage and other helpful measures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the get more info treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.